Value Sri Lanka’s Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services


Project Period : April 2021 – Ongoing

Funded by: International Climate Initiative (IKI), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ).

Sri Lanka has been identified as one of the 36 global biodiversity hotspots. The country has high endemism levels amongst its fauna and flora, but this is coupled with extensive loss and degradation of natural ecosystems. Furthermore, since the end of the 30-year civil war in 2009, Sri Lanka has also been on a fast track to economic growth, contributing to further loss and fragmentation of the ecosystems and the consequent depreciation of environmental integrity. In addition, the increasing and severe impacts of natural disasters, especially floods and landslides, are considered a consequence of environmental degradation. Therefore, the ecosystems and habitats that support critical ecosystem services and irreplaceable biodiversity must be identified, their values quantified and integrated into development plans.

Thus, this project aims to create a quantifiable index to identify critical habitats based on biodiversity values, including those contributing to socio-economic well-being. Having such nationally valued biodiversity information would enable informed, science-based decision-making to integrate conservation into development, using objective criteria.

This project implements some of the key biodiversity conservation measures specified in NBSAP 2016-2022 and the 6th National Report to the Convention in Biological Diversity (CBD) in 2019. Hence, the project will work closely with the Biodiversity Secretariat, Ministry of Environment, to achieve these national and global commitments.

This project is part of the IKI Small Grants programme. It is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI) and is carried out by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) supports this initiative based on a decision adopted by the German Bundestag.