Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of a proposed project or development, taking into account inter-related socio-economic, cultural and human-health impacts, both beneficial and adverse.
The Central Environmental Authority identifies Environmental Impact Assessment as a tool to identify the likely effects of a certain project on the environment at an early stage.
It also looks at ways to minimize destructive impacts and to shape the project in an environmentally sustainable manner.
In Sri Lanka, laws pertaining to the Environmental Impact Assessment is laid down in the Coast Conservation and Coastal Resource Management Act, No. 57 of 1981 as amended, National Environmental Act, No. 47 of 1980 as amended, Fauna and Flora Protection Ordinance, No. 02 of 1937 as amended and the North Western Province Environmental Statute, No. 12 of 1990.
Insight into the aforementioned laws is available in our Blogs Collection