EIA Blog

International Conventions and the EIA process

The number of international conventions constituting provisions relating to the environment and environmental protection is vast, especially when one considers the subject specific conventions as well as the regional and bilateral agreements that state parties enter into. Environmental Impact Assessment is often given effect in such agreements, though often not expressly; but can frequently be found under the guises of promoting overall transparency, accountability as well as enhancing public participation in environmental decision-making processes.   An overview of international conventions concerning the

පරිසර තක්සේරු වාර්තාව සහ මහජන අදහස් විමසීම

සංශෝධිත 1980 අංක 47 දරන ජාතික පරිසර පනතට අනුව, පරිසර තක්සේරු වාර්්තාවක් යනු, යම්කිසි නිර්දේශිත  ව්‍යාපෘතියක  ආර්ථික හා පාරිසරික  පිරිවැය-ප්‍රතිලාභ විමර්ශනයට ලක්කරන ලේඛනයකි.   සංශෝධිත 1993 වසරේ ජුනි මස 18 වැනි දින දරන ගැසට් නිවේදන අංක 772/ 22 හරහා “නිර්්දේශිත ව්‍යාපෘතීන්” යනු කවරේද යන්න දක්වා ඇත. මේ සම්බන්ධයෙන් අදාල “බලධාරීතම ආයතන” 1995 වසරේ පෙබරවාරි මස 16 වැනි දින දරන ගැසට් නිවේදන අංක 859/ 14 මගින් දක්වා ඇත. නීති මූලධරම කිහිපයක් මත පරිසර තක්සේරු වාර්තා පදනම් වී ඇත. ඒවා අතරින් ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදය, නිවාරණ මූලධර්මය

Whereto with EIAs and Public Participation

EIA: The Guardian of Environs The National Environmental Act, No. 47 of 1980 as amended defines ‘Environmental Impact Assessment’ (EIA) as a written, cost-benefit analysis of a predicted environmental project, containing a description of avoidable and unavoidable, adverse environmental effects the project would cause, the alternatives available and why the alternatives were rejected. An EIA has to be conducted at the project stage of the proposed activity if it qualifies as a prescribed project under Gazette Notification No. 772/22 dated 18th


What is sustainable development? Image source: https://unsplash.com/photos/ficbiwfOPS The oft-cited definition of sustainable development is found in the 1987 Brundtland Commission report ‘Our Common Future’, which reads as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Tilakawardane J. in Watte Gedara Wijebanda v. Conservator General of Forests, described sustainable development as something that “encapsulates the meaning that natural resources must be utilized in a sustainable manner, in keeping with the principle


Image source- https://unsplash.com/photos/DZpc4UY8ZtY With the escalation of development activities and the influence of international agreements, environmental conservation has emerged as a major concern since the 1970s. Even in this day and age, it is becoming increasingly evident that environmental conservation is a dire need for the continuity of the entire human race. At the same time, the challenges to protect the environment are also mounting.   Protection of the environment as a right & duty In light of the crucial need to protect

EIAs: What they are and why you should care

Image source- https://unsplash.com/photos/UL23OjMTHXE As a developing country, Sri Lanka was, is and will always be the birthplace of many-a formidable development projects ; from highways to expressways, from bridges to tunnels, from cities on land to cities on the sea, from hotels, to gyms, to malls, it is no novelty that something is always being built and will continue to be built; for example, as of April 2021 the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank combined have 52 ongoing  development-related